Hi, cosmic mystery buffs. Here is an update of my second blog, which dealt with the recently discovered, sharply edged, gamma ray “double bubble” that is centered upon the Milky Way’s central bulge. This information had been gleaned from Fermi gamma-ray telescope data.

New data from the European Space Agency (ESA) Planck satellite has revealed a second, more diffuse, “haze” of energy, which is also centered upon the galactic center, but which radiates in the microwave range, and extends well beyond the Fermi “bubbles”. Although it resembles synchrotron emission, these microwaves exhibit a harder spectrum than other such emissions found elsewhere in the galaxy- i.e., they do not decrease much with increasing energy.

Using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Masataka Fukugita, Naoki Yoshida, and Shogo Masaki conducted large-scale computer simulations of galactic dark matter distribution (2/10/12 Astrophysical Journal 746, 38). It appears that they have reconciled the contribution of dark matter to the density distribution of all matter, thereby eliminating the gap between global cosmic mass density and the density that results from counting the number of galaxies times the weight of their masses. As a result, they found that “empty” intergalactic space is filled with dark matter. They also found that dark matter, as projected from twenty four million galactic images, extends a hundred million light years beyond the galactic centers where stars are located, and that intergalactic dark matter is well organized, but has no stellar edges.

Another way of interpreting the combined Fermi/Planck/Sloan data is that an outer halo, of relatively less concentrated energy, encloses an inner halo, of relatively more concentrated energy, and that the outer halo has a well organized, but relatively less sharply defined edge, than that of the inner halo.

Based upon the principle that “a massive body, which is immersed in space, displaces a volume of that space, centered on such body, and that such volume contains an amount of vacuum energy, which is not only equal to the mass of such body, but also varies as a function of the distance from such body,” I propose: that dark matter/energy is just vacuum energy, by another name; that it is the unequal distribution of mass equivalent vacuum energy, which skews the apparent contributions of ordinary matter (4.5%), dark matter (22%), and dark energy (73.5%) to the total mass/energy budget of the universe; and that such proportions are EXACTLY divided (50/50%) between ordinary matter and dark matter/energy, which are opposite sides of the same unified energy coin. Since the Fermi energy measurement of the smaller, but higher energy, gamma ray “double bubble” approximates that of 100,00 supernovae, it is likely that a measurement of the larger, but lower energy, microwave “haze” will produce the same gross value.

Some ramifications of this principle, which I call the Modified Archimedes Principle (MAP), are that a focal mass not only induces the attractive gravitational force, it also induces a repellent displacement force. To see how the gravitodisplacement of vacuum energy bears upon the related problems of galactic halos, omega, lambda, sigma, the Pioneer anomaly, the axis of evil, voids, large/small scale structure of the universe, dark matter/energy, and the variable accelerating universe, you are invited to contact me, at

Author: Arnold Lasky

I wrote the book, called “The Case of the Missing Siblings”, which is about cosmology and particle physics, and explores the nature of dark matter/energy, and the reasons why there are three families of matter.

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